A Labour Market Impact Assessment
A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
LMIA is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker.
A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job. It will also show that no Canadian worker or permanent resident is available to do the job. A positive LMIA is sometimes called a confirmation letter.
Once an employer gets the LMIA, the worker can apply for a work permit.
To apply for a work permit, a worker needs
- a job offer letter
- a contract
- a copy of the LMIA, and
- the LMIA number
An employer may submit an application for an LMIA as early as 6-months prior to the intended start date for the position. LMIA application procedures vary depending on the wage of the person being hired. Employers should consult the median hourly wages of their province or territory in order to determine whether their position is considered high-wage or low-wage, as low-wage positions will require the employer to meet additional criteria. There are specialized streams for employers wishing to obtain LMIAs for certain areas of employment. These include:
- Hiring In-Home Caregivers
- Hiring Agricultural Workers
- Hiring Foreign Academics
- Hiring within the province of Quebec
Median Hourly Wages by Province or Territory
If an employer is hiring a TFW to be paid at or above the median hourly wage for their province or territory then they must go through the high-wage workers stream for LMIAs. If an employer is hiring a TFW to be paid below the median hourly wage then they must go through the low-wage workers stream.
2021 Wage ($/Hour)
2022 Wage ($/Hour)
Wages prior to April 30, 2022
Wages as of April 30, 2022
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
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Consulting & developing processes and procedures